I hope that after reading this article you can see why these misconceptions about sensor size are all incorrect. When if I move to FX, I’ll have to ditch the 35mm dx and also buy the 85mm 1.8g. Tips to Help You Decide, Sigma 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art Lens for Canon EF, Tamron SP 35mm f/1.4 Di USD Lens for Nikon F, Viltrox AF 23mm f/1.4 XF Lens V2 for FUJIFILM X-Mount. With the 85mm lens, the minimum focusing distance is 2.8 ft, and with the 50mm lens, the minimum focusing distance is 1.15 ft. The crop factor (magnification) comes from the sensor, not the lens. A 35mm lens made for crop sensor is wider than a 35mm lens made for full frame – FALSE! Reply This means if you put a 50mm lens on a full frame, its focal length is 50mm. – mattdm May 7 '14 at 10:44 Also depends on whether one is using a cropped sensor or full-frame. Canon; Nikon; Fujifilm; Sony; 35mm vs 50mm on Crop Sensor Cameras You could argue that while 35mm primes are for reacting, 50mm primes are for crafting. But 35mm is pretty close, and 40mm is only slightly telephoto. So a 50mm (DX or FX) lens will always project a different image than a 35mm (DX or FX). If you are a crop frame user, then things are slightly different, due to that pesky crop factor. Full frame vs crop sensor is a deciding factor when buying new gear. The crop is certainly the most obvious issue, but over time you realize the 1.6x factor doesn't tell the whole story. If you have small children but also want to try your hand at more considered portraits, you may well need both the 35mm lens and the 50mm lens. It makes no sense to make 35mm vs 50mm comparison, if we are talking about … For this comparison, she used a Canon 7D Mark II (RIP) and shot every photo at f/2, since that’s the maximum aperture of her Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM. And if you like this style of video, visit Trotti’s YouTube channel for more useful comparisons like 35mm vs 50mm for travel photography or 50mm vs 85mm for portraits. However to get the same framing on a crop-sensor vs. a full-frame sensor, you'd need to change the distance if using the same lens on each camera. The take away is that the exposure is the same regardless of sensor size. Alternatively, you may wish to splash out on one of each. For these people super35 is a crop, and so the field of vision a 50mm lens provides on a super35 sensor is narrower than they are accustomed to. ... What’s the difference between full frame vs crop sensor cameras? Wider field of view; 2. That's w… My Nikon D90 has a 1.5x “crop” sensor. Rather, APS-C (cropped sensor) cameras have a magnification factor of either 1.6x (Canon) or 1.5x (Sony & Nikon). Both the 35mm and 50mm are classic lengths, offering great versatility. Another option might be to take your kit lens and lock if off at 35mm (or the APS-C equivalent of 24mm) and try shooting for a week. Bring your subject closer; 2. What if I have a crop frame camera? Re: Best "overall" prime focal length for crop sensor (35mm vs 50mm) In reply to ajay0612 • Mar 8, 2016 In fact you may consider 85mm f1.8 (or sigma 85mm f1.4) also for outdoors and closeups. I was actually deciding between a Canon 24mm f/1.4L and a 35mm f/1.4L. If you have any questions or need some help with the decision process, drop us a comment below. As a photographer progresses in their craft and changes gear, they can absolutely apply the crop factor to their camera settings in order to achieve a similar look.. A crop sensor refers to any sensor smaller than a full frame sensor or a 35mm film frame. Crop Sensor Portrait Shootout: 24m vs 35mm vs 50mm vs 85mm vs 135mm. Hopefully, you should know whether you need the width of the 35mm or the cinematic feel offered by the 50mm lens; otherwise, you might just have to stretch to owning one of each! Crop vs Full Frame. Don't get me wrong, I've taken some of my best pics with it, but I'm looking to ditch it for a 24-30mm prime and an 85 eventually. (1) 36x24mm 35mm film frame/FX sensor size - Field of View Crop Factor = 1 ( 2 ) 23.6x15.7mm APS-C/DX sensor size - Crop factor = 1.5 ( 3 ) 13.2x8.8mm Nikon1/CX sensor size - Crop … One of the biggest differences between the 85mm lens and the 50mm lens is the distance that you’ll need to stand from your subject. This makes the 35mm lens a better choice for candid moments, such as street photography or capturing children as they play. If you want to be more involved with how you craft your images, 50mm is the way to go, bringing a cinematic feel to your photographs. This means a 35mm lens on a crop-sensor camera actually looks more like a 50mm lens on a full-frame camera (35mm * 1.6 = 56mm). 35mm vs 50mm (Which Focal Length is Better? 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I currently have a sigma 17-50mm 2.8 lens and a Nikon 70-300mm telephoto lens The wider the lens, the greater the depth of field, and the more of your image is going to be in focus. November 20, 2020. A 50mm lens on a camera with a 1.5x crop factor APS-C sensor gives a field of view equivalent to that of a 75mm lens on a full-frame or 35mm film camera. Once you’ve grown accustomed to being tied to each of these focal lengths for a week at a time, you might then be in a better position to make a decision. Compared to ten years ago, you’ll be hard pushed to make a poor choice according to your budget, but these are our recommendations. ), Do I Need 35mm and 50mm? A cropped sensor will add 1.6x to your lens’ focal length. So, pick what you like best: 24mm to 40mm range. I hope that after reading this article you can see why these misconceptions about sensor size are all incorrect. Beyond portraits, either would work, but you have the same pre-crop vs post-crop situation. Which lens? Please check your entries and try again. Caption: This crop sensor camera has a 23mm lens, equivalent to a 35mm field of view. It's 1.6x for Canon EOS DSLRs and 1.5x for Nikon, Pentax and Sony (who have very slightly larger APS-C sensors). Same range on FX, you are spending more for the 85mm. Crop Sensor (APS-C) Cameras and Lens Confusion Despite the fact that so called "crop sensor" digital SLRs have been with us since 1999 (the Nikon D1, with the Canon 30D following in 2000), there's still a huge amount of confusion out there about exactly what a "crop sensor" camera is and what effect is of using a lens with a crop sensor camera rather than a full frame camera. And while they’re fairly close to each other in terms of focal length (you won’t find many primes lenses that fall in between! The Nikon 35mm f/1.8G has an equivalent field of view of 52.5mm on a DX sensor, while the Nikon 50mm f/1.4G has an equivalent field of view of 75mm. Enter your email to be sent today's Welcome Gift: 19 Photography Tools. Which lens? You can get the 35mm 1.8g dx and 50mm 1.8g both for around 200. Instead of 16mm-24mm, 50mm and 70mm-200mm lenses, you can find 11mm-16mm, 35mm and 50mm-135mm lenses to cover the same focal length. Sure, you could extrapolate this comparison using the equivalent focal lengths, but nothing can substitute for a straight-forward comparison so you can see the difference side-by-side, and Trotti did a very thorough comparison. For this reason, the 35mm lens gives you a greater chance of capturing a sharp subject, which can sometimes be a challenge if they’re moving quickly or unpredictably. Learn what the difference is and how you can take better pictures with both. I use mine for live music portraiture as it gives me the tight crop where the light is less than adequate. 14 Comments. When I bought my first prime lens, I was shooting with a Canon 7D as my primary body. Other people may come from a 35mm film background, especially photographers. It's just a factor which you can use to judge the field of view a lens will give you. If you’re looking at the equivalent of a 50mm prime lens for your APS-C camera, you’ll need to choose something that’s closer to 35mm. That's mainly because FX sensors are 136 percent larger than DX sensors.It's not surprising that a bigger chip could cost more and provide better quality. The Nikon 50mm f/1.4G, on the other hand, works well on both DX and FX sensor cameras such as Nikon D700/D3s/D3x. Isolate your subject; 4. First, a brief lesson on crop-sensors: All Canon dSLRs with a model number higher than 5 (ie- 7D, 60D, all Rebels, etc) have crop-sensors. Discussion in 'Nikon Chat' started by rhysfox, Nov 8, 2015. It's expensive though. A cropped sensor will add 1.6x to your lens’ focal length. In turn, this decreases the depth of field, which mean… The term “full frame” or “crop” refers to sensor size. If you wanted the best possible lens with lots of flexibility, perhaps the 24-70 f2.8. These people are used to "full frame" 35mm as a reference point. The 50mm might be too long in many circumstances. And a 50mm lens on the crop sensor will behave like a 80mm lens on a full frame camera. Learn what the difference is and how you can take better pictures with both. So … the 35mm sensor has a crop factor of 54.78/43.27 ~= 1.27 and an APS-C sensor would have a crop factor of approximately 1.9. More flexibility; Advantages of a 50mm Lens. While the 35mm focal length keeps the world at a slight distance because of how wide it is, the ‘nifty fifty’ brings life that little bit closer. This is perfect for portraits as it means that the person can be isolated from the background, naturally leading the viewer’s eye to the most important part of your photograph. — the 35mm lens will almost certainly be a better bet. If you have an APS-C or crop sensor camera, you’ll need to do a bit of maths to figure out the equivalent focal length. 50mm vs 35mm 1.8G on DX crop sensor. A wider lens will be more useful in tight spaces, especially indoors where you often can’t move backwards in order to squeeze more into your frame – ideal for event photography, for example. Third, a crop sensor has a crop of 1.6x (Canon) or 1.5x (Nikon). Crop sensor refers to any sensor smaller than the 35mm film frame. Why is 35mm better than APS-C? Wait. She captures full-body shots, followed by half-body shots, followed by headshots as both field of view comparisons and by matching the framing. The Nikon 35mm f/1.8G has an equivalent field of view of 52.5mm on a DX sensor, while the Nikon 50mm f/1.4G has an equivalent field of view of 75mm. It has the field of view of an 85mm but not the compression, and it's not typically wide enough to do full body shots or get a "normal" field of view. It's expensive though. Given how much more affordable and accessible APS-C cameras are, her audience wanted to see how the most common primes would be affected by the crop when capturing portraits. On an APS-C sensor a 50mm crops to 75mm or 80mm depending on the camera and a 35mm crops to a 50mm or 56mm. Focal length – the second obvious difference is the focal length. APS-C/Super 35mm … * Do you mean will 35mm give the same quality as 50mm in a crop sensor camera (both attached to crop sensor)? This is part of why some photographers regard 35mm as being close to our own vision — though others will argue the same for the 50mm focal length! * Do you mean will 35mm give the same quality as 50mm in a crop sensor camera (both attached to crop sensor)? By Sean Captain 14 December 2017 Nikon's DSLRs use two sensor sizes: FX and DX. Hopefully by the end of this article, you’ll know which lens — or lenses — will best suit your photography. How we see the world; 3. Suddenly, that 35 mm lens is now closer to 60 mm, and the 50 mm becomes an 80 mm. 25mm vs 35mm. The other lenses used are the Sigma 24mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art, Canon 35mm f/1.4L II USM, Canon 50mm f/1.2L USM, and Canon 85mm f/1.2L II USM. If you happen to have small, unpredictable, fast-moving subjects — small children being an excellent example! If you’re on holiday and want to capture the full breadth of a mountaintop vista, a 50mm lens will feel a bit claustrophobic. If you do have a cropped sensor camera, you also need to know that a 50mm lens on a cropped sensor camera doesn’t actually act like a 50mm lens. Your field of view changes depending on the sensor. The 35mm would be more flexible giving the larger field of view, because the 50mm view is in the middle of every 35mm shot. Thanks for subscribing! Now we’ve covered the key points about the 35mm vs 50mm debate. I am trying to understand this question. Interestingly, there has been a move back towards full frame cameras recently. IMHO the 50mm focal length is a bit awkward on a crop sensor. Focal length – the second obvious difference is the focal length. The common types of crop sensor include APS-C and micro 4/3 systems. The more I use a crop sensor, the more I can kind of "get passed" the FOV. But the reverse is, if the 50mm view is the one you need, you lose sharpness by post cropping the 35mm shot. However, one of the advantages of 35mm lenses is that they have a natural feel to their width as they don’t introduce much distortion. If you want to make people look like Hollywood heroes, a 50mm lens and a wide aperture is the best place to start. What’s a Prime Lens? As both 50mm and 35mm prime lenses are a popular choice, buyers are blessed with a wide variety of options across a range of prices. However, on a crop sensor the actual focal length for a 50mm is 80mm (Canon) or 75mm (Nikon). Nov 8, 2015 #1. rhysfox Member. A crop-sensor crops the image of a full-frame sensor by a factor of 1.6. Advantages of a 35mm (vs 50mm) Lens. Greater depth of field; 3. These people are used to "full frame" 35mm as a reference point. The same image projected from any lens onto a DX sensor, as compared to an FX sensor, will be magnified due to the sensor only capturing a centre portion of the image. The term prime is short for … Arguably a shade more versatile than the 50mm, the 35mm prime is a classic walkaround lens that can adapt to a wide range of shooting situations. 35mm vs 50mm on Crop Sensor Cameras. A Review of the 7artisans 35mm f/0.95 Lens for Crop Sensor Cameras. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback 1. ), they tend to be suited to slightly different jobs, and can give a very different feel. A 35mm lens made for crop sensor is wider than a 35mm lens made for full frame – FALSE! A 50mm lens on a crop sensor is not the same as a 75mm lens on FF because the lens optics of those two focal lengths are different. However, if I was shooting a 35mm lens on assignment in rugged, remote country on a regular basis, I’d save my money and get the native Nikon or Canon version. But the crop sensor camera is shooting with a 50mm lens to achieve the 75mm focal length. Instead of 16mm-24mm, 50mm and 70mm-200mm lenses, you can find 11mm-16mm, 35mm and 50mm-135mm lenses to cover the same focal length. This means if you put a 50mm lens on a full frame, its focal length is 50mm. I decided since I had such trouble visualizing the difference in the millimeters I would help you out :O) Here are three photos taken in the exact same place with a 20mm f2.8, 35mm f1.8, and a 50mm f1.8. It has the field of view of an 85mm but not the compression, and it's not typically wide enough to do full body shots or get a "normal" field of view. Lens B (cropped-sensor 50mm prime lens) will, however, shoot equivalent to 75mm focal length – the camera would turn recognise the lens and therefore use crop mode. I'm using a Nikon D3300 and looking at the Nikon 35mm 1.8G or the Nikon 50m 1.8G. (Best not to go closer than waist-length, however — try 85mm and longer if you want to be even tighter.). Third, a crop sensor has a crop of 1.6x (Canon) or 1.5x (Nikon). Any of them might work. The 50mm 1.2L is much heavier than the 35mm 1.4L and the metal body of the 50mm provides you with a strong sense of build quality over the plastic 35mm 1.4L. The other consideration is if your camera is full frame or crop. But on crop sensor cameras, the effective focal length of these lenses is increased. Full frame vs crop sensor full frame vs crop sensor full frame vs crop sensor full frame look with a crop sensor. by Andy Day. 30mm on crop comes the closest to the standard 50mm on full frame. I'm purchasing a Nikon D3300 as my first DSLR after hearing many great reviews and doing lots of research on my needs. For many, 50mm relates very closely with how we see the world, both in terms of our ability to filter out what’s in our peripheral vision and in how we understand perspective. As such, people’s limbs won’t get stretched unnaturally if they stray too close to the edge of the frame. Portrait photographer Julia Trotti recently put together a useful comparison video for beginners where she captures portraits using a crop-sensor camera and her most-used prime lenses: a 24mm, 35mm, 50mm, 85mm and 135mm. The focal length of your lens depends on which type of camera you attach it to. Rather, APS-C (cropped sensor) cameras have a magnification factor of either 1.6x (Canon) or 1.5x (Sony & Nikon). IMHO the 50mm focal length is a bit awkward on a crop sensor. This means that in general, you will be standing further away from your subject with the 85mm lens, than you will with the 50mm. I shoot street and portrait, so 50mm and 85mm are my preferred lengths on both. If you wanted the best possible lens with lots of flexibility, perhaps the 24-70 f2.8. Being wide might make an image confusing because it takes in so much of a scene, but if you decide later that there are too many distracting elements in your photograph, you can simply crop some of them out. The Canon 60D is an APS-C sensor (cropped sensor) camera, so in order to determine the functioning focal length of these lenses on this camera, multiply the lens focal length by 1.6 (multiply by 1.5 if you use Nikon). Check out the full comparison video above to see the kind of portraits each of these lenses produces on a crop and full-frame body. The factor relating the 50mm focal length of the normal full frame lens and the 31.3mm of the equivalent normal APS-C lens is often called the \"crop factor\", sometimes the \"digital multiplier\". Firstly a definition of APS-C: Advanced Photo System type-C (APS–C) is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the Advanced Photo System film negative in its C(“Classic”) format, of 25.1×16.7 mm, an aspect ratio of 3:2.And 35mm: The 35 mm format, or simply 35 mm, is the common name for the 36×24 mm film format or image sensor … Of course, this assumes a number of ideal things, including sufficient resolution. Re: Nikon 35mm vs 50mm (crop sensor) In reply to AlbertTheLazy • Mar 25, 2016 Technically the 50mm is a "better" lens: less distortion at wide aperture. Another thing to consider when choosing between the 35mm and 50mm focal lengths is crop factor. Good post, and explains why a crop sensor still saves a ton. Focal length of a lens never changes no matter what sensor camera you have it on. Now that I've learned how important the lens is over the body, I've started to rethink how I'll invest in the future. This is one of the advantages of shooting with a wide-angle lens; you might not be able to enlarge your subject without actually physically getting closer, but you can always crop your image later and make your subject fill more of the frame. Hey guys I have a Nikon camera it's a crop sensor I already own a 50mm so between a 25mm or a 35mm which would be better for all around use? 14 Comments. If you do have a cropped sensor camera, you also need to know that a 50mm lens on a cropped sensor camera doesn’t actually act like a 50mm lens. This could drastically change your image, especially if you are used to a full frame rather than cropped. Crop sensors are smaller than full-frame sensors. It also lends itself well to general day-to-day shots, giving you a versatile point-and-shoot experience where you just want to capture the moment and not worry too much about whether your shot is going to be in focus. To reach the equivalent of a 50mm lens of a full-frame on crop sensor camera, the closest you can get is with a 35mm lens (1.5x crop ratio, which is about 52.5mm) Therefore, If you like to buy a new lens which to be the equivalent of a 50mm, I would recommend you research your camera first to know exactly what you are about to buy. Aside from the difference in physical size of the sensor, there are several other differences between a crop sensor and a full frame sensor. 1. Wait. You are filtering out what’s not in your frame, making more decisions about what to include, and also having much greater control over which aspects of the image will be in focus. Or you might be an experienced user of a zoom lens or two and you’re now wondering what’s so exciting about a prime lens and which one would be worth investigating first. The common types of crop sensor … On a crop sensor camera like the D3200, the 35mm f1.8 would give you the equivalent of 50mm field of view on a full-frame camera. On a crop sensor camera like the D3200, the 35mm f1.8 would give you the equivalent of 50mm field of view on a full-frame camera. As a first step into the world of primes, both are good choices but for different reasons. 25mm vs 35mm. Here are our recommendations for Sony, Nikon, and Canon crop sensor cameras. This means that my 50mm is really about a 75mm on my camera and my new 20mm is about a 30mm. If you plan on being close to your subject, it’s simply going to give you far more keepers. But after publishing that video, the most common request in the comments was to do a follow-up on a crop-sensor body. If you’re pondering whether to buy a 35mm or 50mm prime lens, the chances are that you’re about to upgrade from your kit lens and you’re now trying to figure out which focal length is the better fit for you. Full frame sensors have the same dimensions as 35mm film or 24mm x 36mm, which is the standard size. (500D + 50mm 1.8 & 18-55mm-3.5-5.6) Going full frame or staying with a crop sensor is definitely something on my mind. The 50mm might be too long in many circumstances. However, on a crop sensor the actual focal length for a 50mm is 80mm (Canon) or 75mm (Nikon). I’m sure you have been in a situation with a 50 mm lens where you just can't back … If you’re still pondering which of the two focal lengths is going to best suit your photography, you might want to dig through your existing photographs and see what you’ve been shooting most. Lots of these areas overlap — both are great for shooting people, for example — but there are advantages and disadvantages to both. There will be occasions where you can’t zoom, or where a wider field of view just presents too much clutter. Lightroom gives you the option to filter your entire catalogue according to the focal length at which each image was shot, so that might be one place to start. My 50mm lens has more in common with a 50mm lens, than a 75mm lens, and my 28mm lens has more in common with a 28mm lens than it does with a 45mm lens. Posted by 2 hours ago. will create a beautiful separation between your subject and its surroundings. For this reason, 35mm is used extensively by photojournalists and street photographers. Remember, the actual focal length of the lens is unchanged, as is its aperture. Crop Sensor Portrait Shootout 24m Vs 35mm 50mm 85mm 135mm Caption: This crop sensor camera has a 23mm lens, equivalent to a 35mm field of view. 50mm gives you a narrower frame to really bring your subject into your photograph. With my 1.6 crop sensor body, I wanted to achieve a 35mm look so I opted for the 24mm f/1.4L. Then lock it off at 50mm (or the APS-C equivalent of 35mm) and see how that goes. So on full-frame sensors, 50mm and 35mm lenses perform exactly as you’d expect (as 50mm and 35mm lenses). If you put the same lenses on a DX camera, with the smaller sensor that produces a 1.5 crop factor, your 35mm lens now works like a 52.5mm lens (35mm x 1.5 crop factor). Andy Day is a British photographer and writing, living and working in France, specialising in adventure, travel, architectural and landscape photography. When considering the 35mm vs 50mm, here are some advantages of the former: While a 50mm prime lens will give you a field of view of just under 40 degrees, the 35mm prime lens gives you 54.4 degrees — significantly wider. Don't get me wrong, I've taken some of my best pics with it, but I'm looking to ditch it for a 24-30mm prime and an 85 eventually.
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