Order: Passeriformes Family: Cisticolidae. If you think our information needs to be updated, please verify GST number that you have. Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Order: Bucerotiformes Family: Bucerotidae. Order: Accipitriformes Family: Pandionidae. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. The females have much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. Sparrows are seed eaters, but they also consume small insects. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand. Most of the species of this small family are found in Africa, though a few inhabit tropical Asia. In Tamil it is called as Panchavarna Pura or Maragatha Pura. Order: Passeriformes Family: Campephagidae. Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. The song of Invocation to Goddess Tamil written by Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai was adopted as the state song in 1956. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They are gregarious and often colonial seed eaters with short thick but pointed bills. The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. Order: Passeriformes Family: Aegithinidae. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country, Order: Passeriformes Family: Fringillidae. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Haematopodidae. Vangas, helmetshrikes, woodshrikes, and shrike-flycatchers, Reed warblers, Grauer’s warbler, & allies, "Birds of Singanallur lake, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu", "eBird Checklist - 28 Nov 2017 - Ukkulam Lake - 46 species", "eBird Checklist - 22 Jan 2017 - Kelambakkam Backwaters - 59 species", Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, Annual report, 2006-2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_Tamil_Nadu&oldid=992108195, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 15:15. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Threskiornithidae. Each state and union territory has a unique set of official symbols, usually a state emblem, an animal, a bird, a flower and a tree. The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. Order: Passeriformes Family: Passeridae. Many species are migratory. Order: Passeriformes Family: Estrildidae. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. A few authorities, including the IOC, split the bird into 2 species. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. The fairy-bluebirds are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. Storks are mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Burhinidae. Tamil Nadu, is one of the 28 states of India. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. Tamil Nadu has been a pioneer State in Protected Area management and development of forest resources and wildlife.  The song of Invocation to Goddess Tamil written by Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai was adopted as the state song in 1956. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. The fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. Order: Passeriformes Family: Hirundinidae. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and a short bill with a wide gape. The leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. The length of tail about 9 to 14 cm. Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs and stubby tails. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Which one is the state bird of Tamil Nadu (A) Peacock (B) Emerland Dove (C) Parrot (D) Kuyil. Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Ciconiidae. The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary. Many are brightly coloured. The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Head to body length measures about 80 to 140 cm. They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. Order: Phaethontiformes Family: Phaethontidae. Order: Passeriformes Family: Dicruridae. Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. 11) Which one is the state bird of Tamil Nadu a) Peacock b) Emerland Dove c) Parrot d) Kuyil 12)Tirupur Kumaran died in the year a) 1927 b) 1828 c) 1932 d) 1935 13) Udayagiri Fort is located in a) Ramnad b) Sivaganga c)Kanniyakumari d) Trunelveli 14) How many major harbours are there in Tamil ... Read more Tamil Nadu General Knowledge MCQ GK Questions Answers Instead, a banner bearing the image of the state's emblem is used to represent the government. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. Nilgiri tahr is Schedule – I animal, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Endangered (EN) by the IUCN. Order: Passeriformes Family: Acrocephalidae. They are seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. The state was formed on 1 November 1956, but its emblem was adapted in 1949. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Charadriidae. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of the IOC World Bird List, version 10.2. The buttonquail are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. Emerald Dove is the state bird of Tamil Nadu. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Dromadidae. Nuthatches are small woodland birds. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills. Order: Trogoniformes Family: Trogonidae. Maharashtra was 1st state to officially declare Blue Mormon ( Papilio polymnestor ) as its state butterfly, way back in 2015 followed by Uttarakhand (Common peacock), Karnataka (Southern bird wings) and Kerala (Malabar banded peacock). Order: Procellariiformes Family: Oceanitidae. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. (previous page) () In Europe, most species are called buntings. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. There are 29 national highways in the state, covering a total distance of 5,006.14 km (3,110.67 mi). Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. The species are of various sizes, often green-plumaged above and yellow below, or more subdued with grayish-green to grayish-brown colors. Order: Accipitriformes Family: Accipitridae. Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. The northern storm petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The list also sometimes includes the local Tamil name in italics following the English common name. Book your Pulicat Lake Boating now and be left with a lot of memories.Suitable For: All age groupsHow To Reach:Pulicat lake is located 60 km away from Chennai. The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers and ground jays. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. Their food is insects and seeds. There are facial markings, particularly distinct in mature males, consisting of a dark brown muzzle sepa… The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. The osprey is a medium-large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with most taxonomic authorities consider a worldwide distribution. 578 species of birds have been spotted in Tamil Nadu. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. The weight of adult Nilgiri tahr is between 50 to 100 kg. Dr. K. Venkataraman of Zoological Survey of India, Chennai has published about 595 species of freshwater faunal, 2,247 species of marine faunal and 1,898 species of terrestrial faunal species in Tamil Nadu. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. Tamil Nadu has a transportation system that connects all parts of the state. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு) is one of the states in India.The capital of this state is Chennai. Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Order: Passeriformes Family: Chloropseidae. 20,000 birds from 38 different species visit the sanctuary every year. Order: Passeriformes Family: Pycnonotidae. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Jacanidae. The drongos are mostly black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. The request by the Tamil Nadu government’s Department of Environment to declassify part of the Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary in Chengalpattu district has given rise to apprehensions among the environmental enthusiasts and the residents. They … They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrates. The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds. The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Some have crests. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. They are not related to the New World orioles. Order: Columbiformes Family: Columbidae. However, what agitates the State today is the propagation of ‘caste purity’, especially in the case of inter-caste marriages involving Dalit men and non-Dalit women. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.  A state flag proposed in 1970 by the Government of Tamil Nadu was not officially adopted. Color of body is dark grey to black or dark brown. Order: Passeriformes Family: Emberizidae. Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long, pointed bills which curve downwards. They are named for their large flattened hooked bill and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They have long wings, short legs and very short bills. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Most species are brightly coloured. The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. Normally Emerald Dove eats fruits and seeds. Their legs are feathered down to the toes. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. The austral storm petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Many are brood parasites. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. Chats and Old World flycatchers is a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are found throughout the tropics. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have wide variation in plumage colours and patterns. All are colourful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. | Madurai News - Times of India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Tamil_Nadu_state_symbols&oldid=992014598, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 01:04.