This celebrated, interconnected chain of Atlantic islands of the north west coast of Scotland caters for thrill seekers and chill seekers alike. , The difficulties of definition are considerable in some cases. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Hebrides, CRW Flags - Flag of Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom, Hebrides - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). There has been considerable depopulation, especially in the Outer Hebrides during the 20th century, because of a lack of economic opportunities. Later fair rents were established by a Crofters Commission. Beag and mòr (also bheag and mhòr) mean "little" and "big" and are often found together. Dubh is "black", dearg is "red" and glas means "grey" or "green". The largest island of the Outer Hebrides is Lewis and Harris, and the other large islands are North Uist, Benbecula, South Uist, and Barra. A BBC documentary narrated by Ewan McGregor that aired last month called Islands on the Edge may have been the best PR the islands have ever received—although some locals thought it focused too much on the Hebrides being at risk of dying, rather than as a worthwhile destination. In the past, the Hebrides as a whole were a strong Scottish Gaelic-speaking area, and in 1921 more than 50% of the populations of most of these islands, including Skye, Mull and Islay, were proficient in the language. The chief islands of the crescent-shaped chain of the Outer Hebrides are Lewis and Harris, North Uist, Benbecula, South Uist, and Barra. The Inner Hebrides encompasses 35 inhabited and 44 uninhabited islands. , Castle Stalker, Eilean Horrisdale, Eilean Loain and Inch Kenneth are "included in the NRS statistical geography for inhabited islands but had no usual residents at the time of either the 2001 or 2011 censuses".. A unique subset of Scottish culture and wildlife have developed over the ages in the United Kingdom's Inner and the Outer Hebrides. The smaller Inner Hebridean islands, grouped by location (from south to north), in the vicinity of: From Ininmore Bay in Morvern to the River Sheil. The whole process now takes place on Lewis and Harris. Eilean (plural: eileanan) also means "island". The Hebrides comprise more than 40 islands and innumerable barren islets, but only a few of those islands are inhabited. "We arrived on Staffa in near perfect conditions, the place is a must see with the rock formations and the bird life, the added bonus for us was a pod of bottle nosed dolphins on our way to the island." Pomponius Mela, a Roman-Spanish writer of the first century, refers to a group of seven islands to which he gave the name Haemodae (Hebrides???). Hebrides, group of islands extending in an arc off the Atlantic (west) coast of Scotland. The 200 islands that make up the Outer Hebrides (also called 'God's Necklace') were once a single landmass, and still feel so distinct that it's hard to think of them as belonging to mainland Britain at all. Orasaigh is from the Norse Örfirirsey meaning "tidal" or "ebb island".. , Some of the islands continue to contribute to modern culture. The Cuillin Hills of Skye—reaching an elevation of 3,309 feet (1,009 metres)—are said to be the most spectacular massif in Britain. A mill was operated on the island until 1948 and abandonment is assumed when it closed and the associated buildings and wharves were dismantled. A chain of over 100 islands and skerries, including 15 inhabited ones, comprises the Outer Hebrides. Cladh Hallan, a Bronze Agesettlement on South Uis… Hebrides Stornoway of Lewis Island Located in the Western Isles of Scotland is a fascinating town called Stornoway. Learn more. The waters around Lewis were believed to be home to a water-spirit, or ‘Kelpie’, called Seonaidh, who could only be pacified by throwing a cup of beer into the sea Today, before in-home weaving takes place, the washing and dyeing of sheared wool as well as its blending and carding into embryonic yarn, along with the spinning and warping processes, occur in factories, to which the woven tweed returns for finishing and stamping. There are various small island groups within the Inner Hebrides that are included above. Another example is the smaller island of Eilean Mòr in Loch Dunvegan, which joins with nearby Eilean Dubh and Garay Island at low tides. Outer Hebrides - Gaelic strongholdThe Outer Hebrides are sometimes called the Western Isles, a more romantic name for this chain on Europe's edge. Humans have lived here and eaten local seafood since the Mesolithic period. The arched bridge in use today was constructed in the early 20th century.  Skye has been connected to Kyle of Lochalsh by the Skye Bridge since 1995. The Hebrides archipelago can be found off the western coast of Scotland. The immigration of sheep farmers to the islands from the Scottish mainland—they paid high rents for large acreages of ground—caused the eviction of many small tenants, who resettled in coastal townships where they supplemented the produce of their small plots of land by fishing. In common with the other main island chains of Scotland many of the more remote islands were abandoned during the 19th and 20th centuries, in some cases after continuous habitation since prehistoric times. [Note 13]. Other definitions are used in the Scottish context. For example the General Register Office for Scotland define an island as "a mass of land surrounded by water, separate from the Scottish mainland" but although they include islands linked by bridges etc. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! These places had been perceived as relatively self-sufficient agricultural economies, but both island residents and outsiders later came to consider that the more remote islands lacked the essential services of a modern industrial economy. Our culture has been influenced by successive arrivals of Celtic-, Norse- and English-speaking peoples, with… 30, 79, 130, 148 and 182 except estimates from. The Hebrides are known for their unique natural features. Islay is the southern-most island of the Inner Hebrides and is often referred to as Queen of the Hebrides. The cessation of local wars and the increased cultivation of the potato as a food crop were instrumental in the subsequent population increase, which soon reached the limit of the subsistence economy. Off the west coast of Scotland is a small group of islands called the Hebrides. The Collins Encyclopedia of Scotland describes the Inner Hebrides as lying "east of The Minch", which would include any and all offshore islands. 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